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Water Charter of the Lake Chad Basin (Version of 2011).

Type of law

This Water Charter is an Agreement between Libya, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Niger, Nigeria and Chad declares Lake Chad and the watercourses, aquifers and aquatic ecosystems contained in its hydrographic basin, to be international waters and common heritage belonging to the member States of the Lake Chad Basin Commission and requires State Parties to cooperate to achieve the sustainable management and development of Lake Chad in compliance with the rules and principles governing international lakes and watercourses. The Water Charter constitutes a binding framework the global purpose of which is the sustainable development of the Lake Chad Basin by means of integrated, equitable, coordinated management of the Basin's shared water resources and environment. It aims to fulfil the specific goals, amongst which: quantitative surface water resource management; the qualitative management of wetlands; groundwater management; ecosystem and biodiversity conservation; management of navigation; control of projects likely to cause significant harm to the quantity and quality of the Lake Chad Basin's water resources; determination of the responsibilities of the national and regional authorities regarding water abstraction and rights; preventing conflict; alleviate poverty. The Charter sets out fundamental principles of cooperation and implementation of the Charter.
The Charter defines duties of State Parties and the Lake Chad Basin Commission and sets out principles regarding, among other things; quantitative management of surface and groundwater resources (chapter 2); protection and preservation of water quality in the basin's aquatic ecosystems (chapter 3); emergency planning and preparedness to ensure the protection of people, the environment and water resources (chapter 4); ban on significant harm to others (chapter 5); water-borne disease (chapter 6); navigation (chapter 7); prior notification of planned measures (chapter 8); enforcement of environment, water, fishing and navigation rights and regulations (chapter 9); collection and exchange of data and information (chapter 10); rights of the basin populations (chapter 12).
Date of text
The Water Charter falls under the framework set by the Convention for the creation of the Lake Chad Basin Commission and the Statute of the Commission signed on 22 May 1964 at Fort Lamy, which it refines and supplements.
Source language


Legislation Amendment