This content is exclusively provided by FAO / FAOLEX

Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development Sustainable Estonia 21.

Type of law

This Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development is divided into four Goals, such as, Goal 1: Viability of the Estonian Cultural Space: According to the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, the state of Estonia shall ensure the preservation of the Estonian nature and culture through the ages. Sustainability of the Estonian nation and culture constitutes the cornerstone of sustainable development of Estonia. Goal 2: Growth of Welfare.
As the first step towards designing a sustainable development strategy for Estonia, the key assumptions and context factors which Estonia s development in the near decades will depend on need to be outlined. Continuation or deepening of the following global development trends having an impact on Estonia s development can be assumed: 1. Continuation and deepening of market economy globalization processes. 2. Increasing appreciation of local identity. 3. More differentiated population picture, increasing individualism. 4. Continuation of consumer society, expansion of the model of welfare society. As development resource (energetic natural resources, consumption demand). 5. Increasing differences, growing polarization. Continuing decentralization, an increase in regional differences. 6. Accelerating new technology. New technologies, biotechnology, social technologies, will continue to be the key areas and development engines. 7. Increasing pressure to counterbalance the drawbacks of consumer society. 8. Ideology of hot spots. 9. Advantages of strategic planners.
The third goal expresses the desire to reach a situation where all members of the society participate within their powers in the creation of benefits and get a fair share of the creation/ production. In practice, this means concerted action in particular in those fields of social life where there is a risk of development of long-term confrontation/exclusion poverty transferred between generations, closed enclaves of non-Estonians, educational exclusion, development lag of peripheral living regions, etc.
Goal 4 deals with the Maintenance of ecological balance in the nature of Estonia as a central precondition for sustainability. Actions to ensure ecological balance (environmental conventions, regional agreements, protection programmes, etc.), to mitigate developmental differences (Tobin s tax, regional policy, development aid), and to protect local cultures and counteract to Anglo-American cultural monopolism (stricter language laws, immigration quotas) will escalate, international anti-globalization movement will strengthen. As a positive programme economic mechanisms promoting ecological technologies will be proposed and introduced. Ecological disasters are not expected to happen, while environmental requirements will become increasingly stringent. A national sustainable development monitoring system has to be established for assessing the components of the goal of ecological balance, both by using the existing environmental monitoring data and by adding new structures for assessing all indicators and monitoring all processes (pag. 10). It is also a contribution to global development, following the principle that requires a balance both in matter cycles and in flows of energy at all levels of the living environment (pag.27).
Date of text
Entry into force notes
Publication reference
Estonian Ministry of the Environment.
Source language


Legislation Amendment