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Fiji s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution.

Type of law

In accordance with Decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20 in line with the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change (UNFCCC), Fiji prepared its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions towards achieving the objective of the emission reduction. It is a nationwide sectoral document focused on the energy sector and, in particular, on (i) a renewable energy target for electricity generation to be achieved through a diversified portfolio including hydro, geothermal, biomass and grid connected solar and wind in a mix determined by successive feasibility studies; and (ii) improvements in energy efficiency. To reach the emission reduction target, this INDC lists the actions to be performed in three time periods, divided as follows: (i) short term, within 2 years, for interventions directed to investments into more renewable energy projects and research in the area of new renewable energy technologies; (ii) medium term, within 5 years, for promoting and improving guidelines and technical standards for renewable energy technologies; and (iii) long term, over 5 years, to continue research and development for energy from possible hydro carbon resources and hydrogen fuel cells.
The document envisages two kinds of measures (i) mitigation measures; and (ii) adaptation measures. As for the mitigation measures, they will be concentrated in the electricity, energy efficiency and transport sectors. While for adaptation measures, Fiji intends to create and perfect policies, institutions and budget systems to be able to mobilize resources towards climate risk management and disaster risk management activities, to continue actions already undertaken, including (i) dredging of rivers, construction of internal containment dams and construction of cyclone-proof houses in the most affected areas; (ii) the reconstruction of housing in rural areas, as well as in the field of infrastructure such as roads, water and energy; and (iii) in the agricultural and forestry sector, planting traditional trees, root crops and mangroves to minimize soil erosion and land degradation and desertification, along with the construction of embankments and the relocation of communities on higher grounds.
To make agriculture more sustainable, the INDC proposes biogas power generation form agricultural wastes.
Date of text
Entry into force notes
2020 - 2030.
Source language


Legislation Amendment