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National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2030.

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National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2030 is a multisectoral policy document applicable to risk assessment of climate change (natural disasters, flooding, droughts, avalanches, landslides) applicable to agriculture, land tenure and food security.
Agricultural impacts of climate change: (a) increased demand for irrigation due to drought; (b) reduced yields and potential yields, losses in pasture and agriculture; (c) changed growing conditions and seasons; (d) increased crop losses due to insects and diseases; (e) food insecurity, hunger, malnutrition and poverty; (f) loss of livelihood and income in rural areas; (g) impact on all elements of the food system from production to consumption, especially grain; (h) increased local and regional food prices; (i) possible displacement from their land; (j) loss of productive land due to land degradation caused by climate change; (k) increased demand for irrigation and irrigation costs; (l) farmers and labor failure; and (m) commodity price volatility.
Adaptation options for agriculture: (a) explore, disseminate and implement more effective water management and storage practices; (b) increase water availability through small reservoirs or other sector projects; (c) increase irrigation efficiency by improving irrigation infrastructure, rehabilitation and maintenance, drip irrigation for more valuable crops, land levelling; (d) adapt and implement local knowledge and practice systems; (e) research and disseminate drought-resistant seeds and skills; (f) promote soil improvement and protection against erosion, water resources and drainage system management; (g) improvement of vertical drainage on farms to reduce soil salinity; (h) structural and vegetative measures such as terracing, small-scale water harvesting to increase productivity and reduce erosion and related impacts; (i) improve research and extension of agricultural services through small mobile units on farms and increase farmers' access to information, skills and technologies; (j) introduction of crop diversity and plant breeding knowledge, other varieties, planting methods, plant protection against freezing and drought or salt tolerant plants; (k) allotment of free land as test plots where farmers can experiment with new seeds, water management techniques and other recommended methods; (l) microcredit provision; (m) improvement of crop yields and food storage to reduce losses; (n) facilitating on-farm water reuse or reuse from other sources; (o) improvement of irrigated land and wetlands; and (p) supporting farmers to grow traditional crops in times of drought.
Implementation of the Strategy shall be performed at three levels: national, regional and local.
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