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Vision 2030 Development Strategy for Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands.

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The purpose of this document is to complement and deepen Vision 2030 by explaining how its goals will be realised in the specific context of Northern Kenya and the country s arid and semiarid lands. Vision 2030 contains a wealth of commitments to transform Kenya and can be reviewed against the realities in order to determine their likely impact on the region. The policy, institutional and legal reforms proposed in each section of this paper do not include those with universal relevance across Kenya, only those with particular significance for the region (such as land, livestock, peace building) or where a more nuanced policy response is required. The various elements of Vision 2030 resonate differently across the large expanse of the arid and semi-arid lands. This document sets out the additional approaches and interventions judged to be necessary for Vision 2030 to be achieved. Some of them concern all the ASALs, and some the pastoral areas, while others are unique to Northern Kenya.
Through Vision 2030, Kenya aspires to be a country firmly interconnected. This statement is highly significant for the north, where infrastructure is consistently ranked among people s top three priorities. Four aspects are of particular concern: transport (particularly the road network), energy, water, and information and communication technologies (ICTs). The lack of them has undermined investment and reinforced the separation of the north from the rest of the country. Agriculture may be a potential engine of national economic growth, but it is also a critical means of ensuring household subsistence. Strengthening food security at the household level will benefit the wider economy, for example by reducing the demand for food aid. In particular, the Strategy for an innovative agricultural sector ensuring sustainable dryland livelihoods in pastoral areas: Encourage opportunistic farming where appropriate to do so; Encourage dryland farming close to settlements or in riverine/low-lying areas for local food security; Ensure that effective conflict management and negotiation mechanisms between different resource users are in place.
The dream of a just, equitable and prosperous nation set out in Vision 2030 is as relevant to people in the arid and semi-arid lands, reducing poverty, inequality and insecurity in any part of Kenya. Vision 2030 acknowledges the special circumstances of previously marginalised communities, and places a premium on reducing poverty and inequality and re-balancing regional development. Improve water and sanitation infrastructure across the region; Carry out a strategic assessment of the most appropriate locations and technologies, taking economic, environmental and cultural factors into consideration; Build partnerships with inter-governmental bodies such as IGAD to increase access to water; Develop water harvesting and irrigation infrastructure in areas where it is appropriate to do so; Develop water and sanitation facilities as part of urban planning.
Drought is a naturally recurring phenomenon which should be anticipated and can be managed, but this will become more challenging as climate change brings with it more extreme climatic events. Protecting the environment, managing drought, and enhancing adaptability to climate change should be the basis for all development interventions in arid and semi-arid areas. Promote environmental education and awareness and intensify environmental conservation efforts, particularly in light of the likely impact of climate change. Reducing poverty through well-planned development will minimise the negative effects of drought and strengthen people s capacity to adapt to climate change. In the context of pastoralism in particular, this means strategies that reinforce mobile pastoralism, complemented by strategies to help the growing town-based population find viable non-pastoral livelihoods. The specific role of Government is essentially threefold: 1. Protecting citizens by effectively managing risks such as drought, and climate change. 2. Improving the enabling environment for growth and development by investing in public goods and services, including infrastructure, energy, human capital development, and environmental management. 3. Promoting a socially just and inclusive society, in which the rights of all are protected.
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Government of the Republic of Kenya.
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Legislation Amendment