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Intended National Determined Contributions for the Federation of St.Kitts and Nevis.

Type of law

This Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC) is a nationwide sectoral document aiming at achieving the UNFCCC objective as set out in Article 2 of the Convention, and in accordance with decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20. Main goal of this INDC is to aggressively reduce St. Kitts and Nevis Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 2030.
The document includes both mitigation and adaptation measures. The mitigation contribution covers all the economic sectors, with a special attention to the energy and transport sectors, since they are the highest contributors to the GHG national matrix, envisaging (i) increasing of the use of renewable energy sources by 50%; (ii) replacement of inefficient equipment; (iii) incentives for more efficient vehicles; (iv) more efficient public transportation; (v) road renovation; and (vi) public and parking regulation. As for the adaptation measures, the most involved areas are (1) Forestry and Terrestrial Ecosystems; (2) Coastal Ecosystems; (3) Water resources; (4) Human Settlements; (5) Agriculture; (5) Tourism; and (6) Human Health.
To make agriculture and fisheries more productive and sustainable, the INDC focuses on (i) sustainable water use through increasing the water availability (better rainwater harvesting, deep-well drilling, dams, and desalination water plants) and water demand reduction (replacement of inefficient devices, public awareness, infrastructure maintenance and restoration, and governance); (ii) exploration of new sources of feeding the amount of rainwater for irrigation purposes; (iii) compost development for gardening; (iv) exploration of other feed-stock for dry season; (v) semi-intensive livestock farming; and (vi) development of aquaculture.
In order to increase the resilience of livelihoods to disasters, other measures than those indicated for the reduction of greenhouse gases, the INDC focuses on the coastal zone management, in particular the infrastructure, through a regulation and planning process, including planning a slope stabilization and developing a coastal revetment as a primary measures for which to provide an indicative portfolio.
Date of text
Entry into force notes
2020 - 2030 (mid-term review in 2025).
Source language


Legislation Amendment