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Kuwait National Implementation Plan to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Country
Type of law
Policy
Source

Abstract
This National Implementation Plan is a nationwide sectoral document aiming at (i) describing the actions that Kuwait has undertaken regarding the inventory, management, and reduction of the presence of POPs; (ii) proposing actions that Kuwait will undertake in order to manage and eliminate POPs, as well as for preventing these chemicals from entering the environment; (iii) informing the Conference of the Parties and Kuwait s stakeholders about the national initiatives and projects designed to meet the requirements of the Stockholm Convention. The overall objective of the sound management of POPs and hazardous chemicals, is to strengthen the national capacity and capability to deliver a comprehensive assessment of the threats posed by chemicals, reduce and where possible, eliminate the exposure of the populations and the environment, to POPs and hazardous chemicals. Consequently, it is necessary to (i) eliminate or reduce POPs releases; (ii) carry out environmentally sound management of stockpiles of POPs containing wastes and contaminated sites that pose risks to human health and the environment; (iii) integrate environmental considerations and pollution prevention into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. The current NIP has assessed the 28 POPs listed up to 2017 (COP8) and also includes dicofol (POP 29) listed in 2019 (COP9), while excludes PFOA, also listed in 2019. The document includes cross-sectoral issues, such as gender considerations, considering that efforts to ensure sound management of chemicals, including POPs have important gender dimensions, because in daily life, men, women, and children are exposed to different kinds of chemicals in varying concentrations. Time frames for its implementation are short-term (2 years and less), medium-term (3 to 5 years) and long-term (10 years).
To make agriculture more productive and sustainable, this NIP proposes to (i) ensure a substitution and safe use of pesticides for environmental and human health; (ii) consider the use of integrated pest management (IPM) and organic farming and non-chemical solutions; (iii) promote responsible and safe use of potential hazardous pesticides and ban the use of highly hazardous pesticides; (iv) promote education and awareness of the hazards associated with pesticide use in agriculture and indoor.
The resilience of livelihoods to disasters shall be increased through (i) institutional and regulatory strengthening measures concerning management of chemicals (ii) restriction or prohibition of import of chemicals not yet listed; (iii) reduction and elimination of releases and use of intentional and unintentional POPs; (iv) regulation of import and export, use, identification, labelling, removal, storage, and disposal, and stockpiles of POPs; (v) identification and management of stockpiles, waste and articles in use, including release reduction and appropriate measures for POPs handling and disposal; (vi) adoption of Best Available Technique and Best Environmental Practice; (vii) identification of contaminated sites and where feasible, remediation in an environmentally sound manner; (viii) facilitation the information exchange and stakeholder participation.
As for Governance, all relevant ministries will be involved in the NIP implementation, by which each ministry will have different responsibilities with respect to its function. This interministerial coordinating mechanism is considered vital in addressing chemicals and waste management issues (including POPs).
Date of text
Entry into force notes
2021 - 2031.
Repealed
No
Source language

English

Legislation Amendment
No