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Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PBSAP) 2015-2028.

Type of law

The Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PBSAP) is a strategic instrument, whose vision is that by 2028, biodiversity is restored and rehabilitated, valued, effectively managed and secured, maintaining ecosystem services to sustain healthy, resilient Filipino communities and delivering benefits to all. The PBSAP integrates and mainstreams the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) objectives into the national development and sectoral planning framework that includes measurable targets for CBD commitments. These objectives are: a) Conservation of biological diversity; b) Sustainable use of its components; and c) Fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
Targets with indicators to address and reduce pressures to biodiversity are outlined. Conservation targets refer to different results to be achieved by 2028, including: maintaining or improving conservation status of nationally and globally threatened species in the country; no net loss in natural forest cover; no net loss in presence and area distribution of live coral cover; conservation of genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and wild relatives.
Further targets (with related indicators) are set out to address and reduce pressures to biodiversity. They regard ecosystem services, human wellbeing, reduction of threats to biodiversity.
Based on the PBSAP framework, a number of programmes were developed to initially address the drivers and threats to biodiversity loss across ecosystems and thematic areas. Some of these programmes are: 1) Integrated Approach in the Management of Major Biodiversity Corridors in the Philippines; 2) Maintaining Ecosystem Flows, Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Restoring Degraded Forestlands and Enhancing Carbon Stocks through an Integrated Landscape Approach; 3) Capacity Building for the Ratification and Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing in the Philippines; 4) Combatting Environmental Organized Crime in the Philippines; 5) Carbon-Resilient, Low-Carbon and Sustainable Cities.
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