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National Strategy for Sustainable Development for the Slovak Republic.

Type of law

This publication contains the full text of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development for the Slovak Republic, adopted in 2001.
Sustainable development means a targeted, long-term (continual), comprehensive and synergy process, affecting conditions and all aspects of life (cultural, social, economic, environmental and institutional) at all levels (local, regional, global), oriented to such a model of a certain community (local and regional community, country, international community), which meets biological, material, spiritual and social needs and interests of people, while eliminating or considerably reducing interventions threatening, damaging or destroying conditions and forms of life. It does not burden the landscape over the bearing capacity, reasonably uses its resources and protects the cultural and natural heritage.
Assessment of individual strategies, concepts, programmes and activities in relation to sustainable development can be carried out on the basis of the following 16 principles (control of human activities) and 40 criteria (assessment of application of principles): 1) Principle of support of human resource development (criteria: ensuring protection of human health; ensuring optimal development of human resources, in all areas useful to life); 2) Ecological principle (criteria: maintenance and support of biodiversity, vitality and resistance of ecosystems, optimization of spatial arrangement and functional use of the landscape and ensuring its spatial system of ecological stability ensuring and support of life supporting systems maintenance of high quality of environmental components minimization of adverse impacts on the environment; minimization of use of non-renewable resources and preferential use of renewable resources within their reproduction capacities); 3) Principle of auto-regulatory and self-supporting development (criteria: revealing and using natural and anthropologically simulated auto-regulatory and self-supporting natural mechanisms support of closed production and consumption cycles); 4) Effectiveness principle (criteria: maintenance of optimal cycles of material and energy; minimization of inputs of minerals and energy reduction of output volumes and loss minimization; introduction and support of instruments of environmental economics); 5) Principle of reasonable sufficiency (criteria: reasonable and economical resource use and protection; support of proper forms of self-supply); 6) Precautionary principle (criteria: preferring preventive measures rather than removal of undesirable consequences of activities; respecting potential risks, including those unverified); 7) Principle of respecting needs and rights of future generations (criteria: maintenance of possibility for future generations to use existing resources; maintenance of equal rights for future generations); 8) Principle of intra-generational, inter-generational and global equality in rights of the Earth inhabitants (criteria: ensuring human rights in all areas and systems; ensuring national, racial and other equality; ensuring rights of other living creatures); 9) Principle of cultural and social integrity (criteria: preferring development based on internal development potential instead of mechanically imported development; maintenance and renewal of positive values of the landscape, social and cultural identity; support of local aims, folk culture and spiritual atmosphere; reviving of traditional activities with sensitive use of up-to-date technologies; support of spontaneous forms of aid or self-aid); 10) Principle of non-violence (criteria: application of peaceful and consensual management methods; non-utilization of any forms of violence); 11) Emancipation and participation principle (criteria: enforcement of reasonable level of de-decentralization and involvement of community members; creation of working opportunities and providing access to goods and services; participation of inhabitants in decision-making and public control strengthening); 12) Solidarity principle (criteria: implementation of tolerance and understanding; support of mutual assistance and shared responsibility); 13) Subsidiarity principle (criteria: transferring competencies to the lowest acceptable hierarchical level and bringing them closer to a citizen); 14) Principle of acceptable mistakes (criteria: preferring approaches allowing return to a starting situation-minimization of irreversible changes with unpredictable consequences; publishing failures and mistakes without delay and their prompt removal or alleviation); 15) Optimization principle (criteria: targeted management and harmonization of all activities towards balance, removal of unwanted consequences, instability and risk sources; seeking and supporting public activities with multiple positive impacts); 16) Principle of socially, ethically and environmentally sound economy, decision-making, management and behavior (criteria: application of all the above-mentioned 15 principles in synergy of political, legal, economic, organizational, educational and other tools in support of value orientation; creation of culture and value determination as well as in creation, activity and building of competent institutions
A challenge for Slovakia is to transfer principles of sustainable development into daily behaviour, to assess all planned and implemented activities, using criteria of sustainable development, and to assess orientation towards sustainability with a help of a set of sustainable development indicators.
The food safety is a strategic interest of the country relating to agriculture. In order to achieve a stable food safety it is important to ensure technological development of agricultural and food production, adequacy of input and output prices and prices of invested capital and working system of purchase and sale. One of eight basic objectives of the agricultural and food policy of Slovakia is adjustment of agriculture to environmental requirements relating to protection of soil, water and air and conservation of the natural environment, species diversity and protection of traditional gene pools .
Date of text
Entry into force notes
This Strategy was adopted in 2001.
Publication reference
Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic
Source language


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