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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Sector Strategic Framework.

Type of law

This WASH Sector Strategic Framework is a nationwide cross-sectoral document aiming to identify priority areas (distinguished in three levels of priority High, Medium, and Low) for future interventions and it spells out a number of approaches that these will have to use. It is a major step for putting into practice the principles laid out in the Water Policy of 2007. After setting out the priorities for water sector development, the Policy links them to the other sectors, providing a basic framework to guide future detailed implementation strategies. The Vision at the basis of the document is to achieve "Sustainable harnessing and accountable management of water resources that respond to water related public-health needs, livelihoods and development aspirations of the people of South Sudan in an equitable manner". The consequent Mission aims at drawing up of policies, standards, guidelines and plans for water resources management, development and utilization; and provision of sanitation and hygiene services.
Priority areas of intervention are (i) Water Resources Management; (ii) Sanitation and Hygiene; (iii) Rural Water Supply; (iv) Urban Water Supply; and (v) Overall Governance and Development. Main strategic objectives in these sectors are (i) promote sustainable management of quantity, quality and reliability of available water resources in order to maximize social and economic benefits while ensuring long term environmental sustainability; (ii) ensure progressive universal access to improved sanitation and hygienic practices for all through effective community mobilization to address harmful current practices, hygiene promotion, and delivery of related products and services on a sustainable and equitable basis; (iii) increase sustainable access to safe water supply facilities for all people living in rural areas; (iv) ensure efficient rehabilitation, expansion, development and management of Urban Water Supply (UWS) services on a sustainable, equitable and cost recovery basis; and (v) establish a sound institutional and legal framework that facilitates improved sector performance by providing clear roles and responsibilities and ensuring transparent, accountable and coherent governance.
To make agriculture more productive and sustainable, the Ministry will focus on improving water conservation and irrigation systems by (i) establishing a Water Resources Management Authority as an independent body under the supervision of Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) to promote creation of major water infrastructure for fresh water storage, hydro-power generation and irrigated agriculture; and (ii) introducing incentives to minimize water wastage while promoting water recycling and reuse particularly to institutions extracting large quantities of water.
Rural poverty will be indirectly faced through an enhancement of the access to safe water supply facilities in that areas, in particular (i) construction of new water facilities; (ii) rehabilitation and maintenance of existing water points; (iii) establishment of community-based operation and maintenance structures, including full involvement of users, sense of ownership, and participation of women and children at all levels.
In order to increase the resilience of livelihoods to disasters, the document suggests (i) a Water Resources Management focused on flood risk analysis and disaster prevention measures with clear terms of reference for the required capacity at all levels of Government on an annual basis; and (ii) river basin master plans developed through stakeholder consultation, including identification of infrastructure needs for mitigation of water-related conflicts and protection of flood prone areas.
As for the Governance, it is envisaged a comprehensive WASH legislation to provide for an improved institutional architecture of the sector, as well as intervention areas for improved sector management. This will include (i) Information Management and Communication, to facilitate evidence-based initiatives that enhance rational decision-making and planning; (ii) Planning, to strengthen mechanisms that provide direction for inclusive, transparent and accountable sector-wide planning; (iii) Performance Monitoring, to establish a sector-wide monitoring system that strengthens accountability; (iv) Financing and Investment, to mobilize adequate and reliable funding resources; and (v) Capacity Development, to strengthen existing structures and capacities with the aim of drawing up plans and implementing projects at all levels.
Date of text
Publication reference
Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation.
Source language


Legislation Amendment