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Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of Vanuatu.

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The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of Vanuatu is a national policy with a sectoral approach. The timeframe of the policy is 10 years between 2020 and 2030. The sector-specific target of this policy is to reduce emissions 100% below Business-As-Usual emissions for electricity sub-sector and 30% for energy sector as a whole, by transitioning to close to 100% renewable energy in the electricity sector by 2030 in compliance with the objective of the UNFCCC. In addition to this target, additional mitigation interventions will be carried out to reduce emissions in the forestry, agriculture, transport and energy efficiency sectors.
Considering the vulnerability of Vanuatu to climate change, measures will be taken to combat the adverse impacts of climate change on the environment, economy, human health and society. To this end, impact assessments will be conducted at the multi-sectoral level. Climate change adaptation and mitigation and disaster risk reduction will be incorporated into planning and activities across all sectors of the economy and society. In order to reduce high reliance on fossil fuels for the energy needs, electricity will be generated using 65% renewable energy in consistency with the National Energy Road Map. To this end, emissions in the energy sector will reduce by 2030. The key planned mitigation interventions stress on the development of solar, wind and geothermal energy resources, mainly in electricity sector and additional mitigations in the forestry, agriculture, transport, and energy efficiency sectors. Adaptation priorities, including agriculture and food security, sustainable tourism development, community-based marine resource management, sustainable forest management, and integrated water resources management, are identified by the National Adaptation Programme of Action as urgent. The legal and institutional framework will be strengthened to establish stronger, efficient and sustainable climate and disaster governance arrangements, clarify the full range of climate and disaster risk responsibilities, and to enable funding for climate change mitigation and adaptation and disaster risk reduction and management. Environmental awareness will be raised through capacity building efforts in the fields of climate change, environmental sustainability, disaster risk management and reduction, and GHG emissions. Furthermore, the information systems and technologies will be developed to enable improved decision-making and environmental management.
National Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Policy Monitoring Unit shall be responsible for the monitoring and reporting of the adaptation activities of the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, in close collaboration with the Monitoring and Evaluation Unit of the Prime Minister s Office.
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Legislation Amendment