National authorities should endeavour to promote the internalization of environmental costs and the use of economic instruments, taking into account the approach that the polluter should, in principle, bear the cost of pollution, with due regard to the public interest and without distorting international trade and investment. (Source: Rio Principle 16)

The principle that those causing pollution should meet the costs to which it gives rise. (Source: GEMET/BRACK)

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Rio Principle 16
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