This content is exclusively provided by FAO / FAOLEX

Nature Conservation Act (No. 9 of 2023).

Type of law

The purpose of this law is to: 1) safeguard biodiversity; 2) protect the beauty of nature and the value of landscape; 3) promote adaptation to climate change; 4) support the sustainable use of natural resources and the natural environment; 5) increase public awareness of nature and environmental consciousness; and 6) promote nature research. The Act applies to the protection and conservation of nature and the landscape. The Act mandates the Ministry of the Environment to develop the national strategy for biodiversity and the action program to implement the strategy. The national shall establish nationwide operational, quantitative, and temporal goals to halt the loss of biodiversity and improve the condition of biological diversity.
The Act contains 145 Articles organized in the following chapters: 1. General provisions; 2. Authorities and other actors in nature conservation; 3. Nature Conservation Planning; 4. Support for the protection and conservation of biodiversity; 5. The European Union's Natura 2000 network; 6. Nature reserves; 7. Protection of habitat types; 8. Protection of species; 9. Possession, trade, import, and export of individuals of species; 10. Protection and conservation of the landscape, as well as natural monuments; 11. Voluntary ecological compensation; 12. Acquisition of areas for nature conservation purposes and compensations; 13. Information management within nature conservation and information about decisions; 14. Supervision of nature conservation, administrative enforcement, and penalties; 15. Appeals; 16. Provisions on entry into force.
Date of text
Entry into force notes
1 June 2023.
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Original title