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Natural Reserves Act No.2 of 2014.

Type of law

This Act, consisting of 13 articles, aims at establishing the National Commission of Natural Protected Sites at the Ministry of Agriculture, defining its powers and duties. Article 1 defines the nature reserves as 'an area of land or water (coastal or inland) containing living plant or animal organisms or natural features of cultural, scientific, touristic or aesthetic value placed under legal protection to protect their environmental wealth and to sustain their development'. Main tasks of the Commission are: proposing the inclusion of proper areas in the list of national reserves (the decision will be taken by the Ministry of Environment); analyzing applications from public institutions or inhabitants; categorizing the reserves (national, regional, transboundary, governmental or non-governmental); planning the administration of nature reserves; encouraging sustainable production of artifacts and souvenirs; and encouraging alternative programs as compensation for previous occupations of the inhabitants (Art.3).
The Act provides specifications for the establishment of nature reserves (Art.5). Art. 6 states the criteria to be followed (natural, social, regional). Art.7 indicates the bio-diversity, presence of endemic, rare or endangered species as conditions to be met for the natural reserves. Art.8 establishes the tasks of the proper management of the reserves, in order to be developed, protected and defended from possible natural disasters, and encouraging investment without affecting the sustainability. Art.9 indicates what actions are prohibited to maintain unchanged their physical, geological and morphological characteristics, the environment and the natural systems.
Date of text
Entry into force notes
The Act enters into force on the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Original title
(2) 2014