This content is exclusively provided by FAO / FAOLEX

Water Law.

Type of law
Date of original text

This Law regulates water management in accordance with the principle of sustainable development, in particular formation and protection of water resources, use of water and management of water resources. The present Act lays down also matters of ownership of waters and lands covered with waters, as well as the principles of managing these components as the property of the State Treasury. These provisions apply to inland waters and internal sea waters, as well as to territorial sea waters in the scope of planning of water management, protection against pollution from land-based sources and protection against flood. Water management is carried out with the principle of rational and overall treatment of surface and underground water resources, taking into account their quantity and quality. The principle of common interests is taken into account and cooperation of public administration, water users and representatives of local communities is required to achieve the maximum social benefits. Water management is based on the principle of reimbursing costs of water services, taking into account environmental costs, resource costs and economic analysis. The aim of water management is to meet the needs of the population and economy, as well as to protect the waters and the associated environment, in particular as regards: (1) ensuring adequate quantity and quality of water for the population; (2) protection against flood and drought; (3) protection of water resources against pollution and improper or excessive exploitation; (4) maintaining or improving the quality of water ecosystems and those dependent on water; (5) providing water for agriculture and industry; (6) creating conditions for energy, transport and fishing; (7) satisfying the needs related to tourism, sport and recreation.
The present Law is composed of the following Sections: (1) General provisions; (2) Use of water; (3) Protection of water protection; (4) Flood risk management and counteracting the effects of drought; (5) Water construction and water drainage; (6) Management of the property of the State Treasury; (7) Water management; (8) Water authorities; (9) Water and legal consent; (10) Water associations; (11) Compensation liability; (12) Penal provisions; (13) Changes in regulations, transitional, adaptation and final provisions.
Date of consolidation/reprint
Entry into force notes
This Act entered into force on 1 January 2018.
Serial Imprint
Journal of Laws 2023 Pos. 1478 (consolidated version)
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Original title
Prawo wodne.
Implemented by