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Strategy for Sustainable Development of Agriculture in KSA Up to 2030.

Type of law

This national cross-sectoral development Strategy is divided in two documents: the Main Report (Part I), and the Framework of the Operational Programs, together with 4 supplements (Part II). Part II is an outline description of each sub-program, as an input for the preparation of plans of action for the strategy implementation.
The Main Report aims at achieving four long-term targets, by 2030: 1) an efficient and sustainable use of agricultural and natural resources, especially water resources; 2) a comprehensive sustainable food security; 3) raising the efficiency of institutional and human capacity to manage and implement sustainable agricultural and rural development; and 4) social stability and sustainable agriculture and rural development. These main pillars of the Strategy are accompanied by a series of sub-pillars that would rationalize, following a twin-track approach, the use of water in agriculture and raising irrigation efficiency. The objective will be achieved by reducing the cultivation of high water consumption crops such as wheat and forage, that will be imported. They will be replaced by crops or activities with a comparative advantage in the production, good economic return and still needed by the local markets (i.e. poultry meat, fish farms and fruit and vegetable production projects).
The strategy argues that a rational use of resources and the development of more efficient and modern agriculture, ensures food security, especially in rural areas and among the poorest people. Also marine fisheries management aims at achieving sustainable development by contributing to food security.
Productivity can be developed by genetic improvement of local breeds and heterogeneous in desert areas. This will increase production of lambs and milk and also expand the optimal use of natural resources in these marginal areas. The development of goat s milk production, and its derived products, will represent an important source of food, especially for children and women. That must be accompanied by an improvement in the health care and veterinary system. Also fishing will have to be developed in a sustainable way, encouraging the investments in aquaculture, also using modern techniques and genetic engineering.
The Strategy suggests: the development of herds of sheep and goats bred in farms as a source of income to non-holders and other classes of citizens, such as shepherds; the improvement of the incomes of the rural population, especially small farmers and limited-income groups, through small projects for the production of poultry, as a quick, low-investment way to reduce rural poverty; the development of the rural sector production system without affecting its food source role for rural households.
Date of text
Entry into force notes
From 2010 to 2030
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Legislation Amendment
Original title