This content is exclusively provided by FAO / FAOLEX

Combat Desertification Law of 2009.

Type of law

This Law consisting of 25 articles divided in V Sections aims at: establishing the competent authorities, at national and local level, to achieve: elimination or mitigation of desertification; achieving development of material and human capabilities; creating a successful environment to achieve the intended goals; and coordinating between them through a mechanism of supervision and follow-up.
To reach these objectives shall be established: 1) National Council to Combat Desertification; 2) General Secretariat; 3) State Council to Combat Desertification; and 4) National Fund to Combat Desertification. The National Council is the competent authority to supervise the National Program to Combat Desertification and the enforcement of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. It is competent for the policy planning at national level.
The General Secretariat is created by the National Council General. It is a unit of the National Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry responsible for coordinating programs to combat desertification and drought ward off the effects of the desertification. It also: supervises managerial, technical and financial acts of the National Council; establishes an annual action plan to combat desertification and follows up its implementation, at national level and in all States, particularly those affected by desertification.
The State Councils to Combat Desertification are established in each State.
The National Fund to Combat Desertification, under the National Council supervision, provides support and funding for Projects of the National Action Program and for other governmental activities related to the National Action Program.
Duties of the competent authorities to combat desertification, as listed in art.12, are, inter alia: not to encourage the cultivation of marginal lands which if used could conduct to further deterioration; require the establishment of a tree belt in all farms in arid and semi-arid regions; require a feasibility study for any agricultural project; establish legislation for environmental protection from solid and liquid factories waste, highly toxic pesticides absorbed by soil, in particular in the mud land; encourage the use of technologies that help land protection; promote educational programs and scientific researches on soil protection, land reclamation, and water management and conservation.
The V Sections are entitled as follows: Preliminary Provisions (I); The National Council to Combat Desertification (II); The General Secretariat, its competences, units and competent organs (III); Financial Provisions (IV); and General Provisions (V).
Date of text
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Original title