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Nature Conservation Act (2004).

Type of law
Date of original text

This Act regulates nature conservation. The purpose of this Act is to protect the natural environment by promoting the preservation of biodiversity through ensuring the natural habitats and the populations of species of wild fauna, flora and fungi at a favourable conservation status; preserve natural environments of cultural or esthetical value, or elements thereof; and promote the sustainable use of natural resources. Nature conservation is carried out by means of restricting the use of areas important from the aspect of preservation of the natural environment, by regulating steps involving specimens of species of wild fauna, flora and fungi and specimens of fossils, and by promoting nature education and scientific research. Nature conservation will be based on the principles of balanced and sustainable development and in each individual case, alternative solutions will be considered which, from the position of nature conservation, are potentially more effective.
Date of consolidation/reprint
Consolidated version of the Act, as last amended by the Act published in the State Gazette I, no. 1 of 17 June 2023.
Serial Imprint
RT I 2004, 38, 258
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Original title
Looduskaitseseadus (2004).