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Wildlife Conservation Act (No. 5 of 2009).

Type of law

This Act makes provision with respect to management and conservation of biodiversity and wildlife, i.e. any wild and indigenous animals and plants, and their constituent habitats and ecosystems found on or in land or water, and provides for establishment and management of protected areas in mainland Tanzania. It also provides rules relative to trade in wildlife products and to breeding of wildlife.
The Act creates the office of Director of Wildlife, who shall be the officer in charge of the Wildlife Division. The Director shall be the principal advisor to the Government in all matters related to conservation and management of wildlife and wildlife products and shall be assisted by wildlife officers, wildlife wardens and wildlife rangers. The Minister shall cause to be established a Wildlife Authority and shall establish the (paramilitary) Wildlife Unit. The Act continues the Tanzania Wildlife Protection Fund and defines its objectives.
The President of Tanzania may declare game reserves and the Minister may declare Game Controlled Area; Wetlands Reserves and Wetlands Areas shall be established by Regulations. The Act also provides for designation of wildlife corridors, dispersal areas, buffer zones and migratory routes. National parks are established under the National Parks Act.
Provisions on hunting concern, among other things, close seasons, dangerous or harmful animals, protection of young or female animals and unlawful methods of hunting.
Long title of text
An Act to make better provisions for the conservation, management, protection and sustainable utilisation of wildlife and wildlife products; to repeal the Wildlife Conservation Act Cap. 283 and to provide for other related matters.
Date of text
Entry into force notes
This Act shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, appoint.
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Repealed by