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Water Act (2019)

Type of law
Date of original text

This Act provides for grounds for planning and organising the use and protection of water, the implementation of which will promote sustainable water use; water protection requirements which will ensure protection of water resources in the long term; rights, obligations and liability of persons in water use; state supervision over compliance with the requirements for the use and protection of water; and liability for an infringement of the requirements provided for in this Act. The provisions regarding protection of water and construction activity in public water bodies as provided for in Chapter 8 of this Act extend also to the exclusive economic zone, and the provisions regarding protection of the marine environment extend also to the ships and aircraft which have been registered in Estonia outside the marine area of Estonia. The Act further provides for planning and organising water use and protection; requirements for drinking water, natural mineral water and bathing areas; organisation of wastewater collection and treatment; assessment and management of flood risks; requirements for water use and protection; assessment and approval of groundwater resources and performance of hydrogeological work; encumbering public water bodies with construction works; contributions to international hazardous and noxious substances fund; water investigation and drinking water investigation; marine scientific research permit; state supervision; and liability.
Date of consolidation/reprint
Date of text
Entry into force notes
October 1, 2019.
Consolidated version of the original Act, as last amended by the Act of 20 June 2023, entered into force on 30 June 2023 and published in the Official Gazette I, of 30 June 2023, 1.Provisions on amendments to other Acts are omitted from the translation.
Serial Imprint
RT I, 22.02.2019, 1
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Original title
Veeseadus (2019)
Implemented by