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Fisheries Law of the People's Republic of China.

Type of law
Date of original text

This Law consists of 6 Chapters divided into 50 articles: General provisions (I); Aquaculture (II); Fishing (III); Increase and protection of fishery resources (IV); Legal liability (V); Supplementary provisions (VI).
This Law aims at enhancing the protection, increase, development and reasonable utilization of fishery resources, developing artificial cultivation, protecting fishery workers' lawful rights and interests and boosting fishery production. A special emphasis shall be given to the development of aquaculture. Another priority is research in fishery science.
The Law defines which institutions deal with fishery matters at the state and local levels.
In addition, the Law determines specific water areas devoted to the development of aquaculture. The regime of exploitation of such water areas is set in Chapter II and the State shall protect ownership and rights to the use of water surfaces and tidal flats. Dispute settlements arising from ownership and rights to the use of water surfaces are set out in the text.
Moreover, the State shall determine the total amount of fishery resources and shall implement a fishing quota system. The State shall also implement a fishing licence system and work out fisheries management plans.
The Law further spells out specific protection measures such as prohibition of the use of explosives and poisons in fishing and prohibition of catching fry of aquatic animals of important economic value. Furthermore, underwater exploration by means that may have serious effects on fishery resources requires prior consultation of the Department of Fishery Administration.
Date of consolidation/reprint
The English version is a consolidation as last amended in 2004.
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Implemented by