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Environment Law No. 2872.

Type of law
Date of original text

The purpose of this Law is to protect the environment in line with the principles of sustainable environment and sustainable development (Article 1).
The 34 articles of the Law are divided into 6 Sections: Objective, Definitions and Principles (1); Higher Board of Environment and its Functions (2); Precautions and Prohibitions Regarding Environmental Protection (3); Environmental Pollution Prevention Fund (4); Penal Provisions (5); Miscellaneous Provisions (6). Furthermore, there are 16 Additional Clauses regarding the principles regarding the protection of soil and prevention of pollution, protection of air quality and prevention of air pollution, recycling contribution fee, prevention of environmental pollution due to plastic bags, and the establishment of environmental labeling system.
The general principles regarding the protection, improvement and prevention of pollution of the environment are laid down in Article 3 as follows: (I) collective responsibility for protecting the environment and preventing pollution and obligation to comply with the measures to be taken and the principles determined in this regard, (II) cooperation between all stakeholders in all kinds of activities in the fields of environmental protection, prevention of environmental degradation and removal of pollution, (III) application of the principle of sustainable development in the decision-making processes regarding land and resource use and project evaluations, (IV) evaluation of benefits of the economic activities to be carried out and their impact on natural resources on a long-term basis within the framework of the principle of sustainable development, (V) public participation in environmental policies to enable them to exercise their right to environment, (VI) utilization of environmentally friendly technologies that reduce waste generation at its source and ensure waste recovery with the aim of using natural resources and energy efficiently during all kinds of activities, (VII) application of polluter pays principle, (VIII) utilization of market-based mechanisms and economic instruments and incentives with mandatory standards to protect the environment, prevent and eliminate environmental pollution, disseminate zero waste, apply circular economy principles and combat climate change, and (IX) fulfillment of the national rights and obligations arising from the international agreements which T rkiye is a party to, for solving the regional and global environmental problems.
Chapter 3 sets out the framework for the protection of the environment and refers to prohibition on environmental pollution (Article 8); biodiversity conservation, ecosystem preservation, pollution prevention, protected area, sustainable use of water and land resources, protection of natural and ecological features of wetlands, conservation of endangered and rare plant and animal species, protection of natural resources, protection and sustainable use of marine, ground and surface water resources, prevention of marine pollution from aquaculture facilities (Article 9); environmental impact assessment (Article 10); obligation for the treatment and disposal of waste/wastewater (Article 11); management of hazardous chemicals and wastes (Article 13); and noise pollution (Article 14).
Date of consolidation/reprint
The consolidated version of the Law, as last amended by the Law No. 7456 of 2023, is attached.
Source language


Legislation status
in force
Legislation Amendment
Original title
2872 say l evre Kanunu.
Implemented by