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Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC.

Type of law
Date of original text


This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the European Union. The aim is to achieve within 2020 the European Union s 20 percent headline target on energy efficiency. Further it lays down rules designed to remove barriers in the energy market and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy, and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020. The Directive also lays down provisions concerning the adoption by each Member State of an energy efficiency obligation scheme.
Date of consolidation/reprint
Entry into force notes
This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
An unofficial consolidated version of the present Directive as amended last by Directive (EU) 2019/944 of 5 June 2019 is attached.
Serial Imprint
Official Journal of the European Union L 315, 14 November 2012, pp. 1-56.
Source language


Legislation Amendment
Toolkit legislation
Climate Change
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